Xse rfhd xxx

Departaent of Health, Education and fffelf^je actl Ti%ie^ on' Beialf 'o|., V';.;.* "'^ children, and the report of a nationail. STAFFORD, Vermont ' GAYLORD NELSON, WIscori Mn ^ ALAN CRANSTON, California . KENNEDY, Massachusetts ROBERT TAFT, Ja,, Ohio ^WAI/TER F. Eh5m INICK, Colorado JENNINGS R^l NDOLPH, West Virginia J.

nutritional, educational, and other se^Vl Jces |^rrc|iii'i^n' families on a voluntary basis. 5»Tr^f' ^o ^ ,a»i'^:-;i#*^vi a brief section-by-section inalysis of fro B August 8 and August 9, 1974, stat^ients additional inf oriation^ (including related paper^V^ 'c^m W^ ^tid.. An appendix contains 9 sju Biiary.'l^eiioi^: i^i.^.^^^ vr? i Taspek, Gjencral Counsel * Rov IL Ml LLSNsb.s*, ifino Wty Staff Director Stmco MMirna: on Ghildben akd Youth WALTOR P* MONDAI^, Minnesota, Ohc Urman HARBISON A.: WILLTAMS, Je., Ne# Jersey ROBERT TAFT, Ja,. «'INGS RANDOLPH, West Virginia J, GLENt^BBALL, Ja., Marjland EDWABD KENNEDY, Massachusetts ROBERT t! Scalds, Kinoriiy ^Odun^el " v Stm COMMITTEE ON BMPLOTMENT, POVEETT, AND Mi GRATOST 1/ABOB ' GAYLORD NELSON, Wisconsin, Ohairman EDWARD M.

liad an opportunity to submit 4 comiiunith to the prime sponsor and to tlie Secretary;. O ' |o project application wliic Ji is jjubmitted to the Child 1 iind Family Service Conncil by a p|iblic or private agen^y'^ and V;whic U-rr • . Th U is a rom tpt w hi lyb^ ceiiaiu stimuli elicit certain. ' ' \ But 'the general problem, as I see it, is exactly the problem that yo U - described Jor -the committee, the mental health center let u times 1 milliofi. Some ol the things we do' ' to help kids now with public support were being^done a long time ago. From local a^eii- cies, then county agencies, then Statfea^ehcies.

*" ^"^L^' ^"mint 'Cente Vr Sh^^^ Champlaln Valley Family Deve Foprn Tn Tc Tiio Va'tionrp'^^^ lol Crane^ Dr. '^'"'""'"* P*"""^,^ °' 0'^^°°' prepared 8fatement,:....._..°: ' 218 rnn Soii '^^^ P^f«sident of Wee Care; accompsnied by Nanc^ , ''°Sr»e SSt™:^^ -^"^ iir Goodell. ica J)|el for the use of financial assistance and" services available from * • under this part 2 or liiu W section 222(a) (1) of the Economic Oppor- 3 tuiiity Ai-t of 1964:^1115? ^ .\ (b) „ Financial ajssistance nnder this title nfay be pro- 0 w^|cd to a project applicant-for aiiy fisi'al year only pursuant . «But in my opinion that is the height of arrogance. to have examined a client for the State of ^lichigan who is accused of niui'dering tlnee poisons. , ' Tit; »uc\ii fi61d of psychiatry anjj^psych(Jlofif A.. mothers who may not hjive a satisfactory ^makeup nantjto i^tay ^home and be "a ^ood mother." .\ffd in ffiit, per}mii«^iiv man^ of thcie cases, the child could. dllow,e of ^say that the pe Qpl O do not Imow^'enough or do not cjeal cor- recti}', but to try to find Svays to briclg^ the facility, with the people, res^n^Dg the ppwer of the people ultimately not to consent to it, not • dea| witli it. - f ' In our own pioneer days, they shared with the church and got these . There has been a movement over the last 100 years I toward greater public support of services. ihey were being done under prn-at^ auspic Tes^afid were not being done • particularly well . - ' • k v*v/ii^ There is also a steady historical drift towards community control, * that IS, out of private charity towards public agencies.

Sidney Johnson III; Profestional Staff Member ' ' John K.

LANDGREBE, Ind Una SHIRLEY CHl SHOCM,^Jew York , ORVAL HANSEN, Idaho ELLA T.

vommlttee for Day Care, aid director oi the Cathnilp t? ^ • I believe the money has to go back to local communities. Xow, r do not think there is anyone more important today than Bowlby.

■ IV ,* - * « \ O ' Horak, Sasan M., Day Care teacher, prepared statement 289 Jewett, Patricia, president, Vermont Child Care "76'ACampaign ; executive . Champlaia Valley JFamily Development Corp., Burlington, VU- 182 Prepared statemeri L-- 191 Kane, Mr Noel, parent, Capitol East Children's of Reve- hue Sharing Fundtrfor Handicapped, Children, and Elderly, excerpt from the Congressional Record, House, June 11, 1974 , 291 M»;re Women Run Fapiilies. Hecht, chairm^in, American Parents Committee and Publisher, Parents' Magazine, ^'ew York, N. Claude, a Representative in Congress from the State of , Florida, f rom*R. 297 Selected tables: Local governments which had autliorized revenue iunds for the handi- capped as of June 30, 1978 ^ . , - Opening Statesient dp Senator "^ame^ F, Mondale ^ ^ Senator Mondale. greatest nepds, provide decision making with direct parent pai^ticijpation t Hrougii a partner^ ship of parent^, State, local and Federal government. * * : The Secretary , may fund directly an Indian tribe to carry out pro- grams on a reservation. ^ sponsor been designated or where a desiliated prime sponsor IS not meetmg certain needs .. l^rot6cts legal rights and responsibilities of parents with rigspect to the development of their children. » ' • • o -88 • ERIC ; 93d congress ' " 2d Srssios H. 20 funded research and development activities related, to * 21' the^purposes of this Act. 3 , callydisad MUitaged children in each State and local area, 4 respectively^ 5 (B) 25 per centum thereof shall be apportioned • g among the States, and within each State among local 7 areas, in^ proportion to* the relative number of children g tliroiigh age fiw in each Stat? * IQ (C) 25 per centi'im thereof shall be apportioned II among the ^Sfatj^s, and within each State among local^ ' JI2 areas, in proportion to the, relative number of children 23 of working mothers and single parents in eacli* State 14 ' and local area, re^pdctfvely. provided in section 12^ of title 28, t'nited 3 States Codti^ CHILI) AND FAMILY SBRV; CB COr XCILS: 9 10 11 . Each council'shall fnce in child and fairiily the total membership of select Its own chairperson;^ a 110. ■ \ 23 ■ 1 (4) in estnblishing n Child Development nnd Fartir 2 ily Sen'ice Council under this section, the prime sponsor 3 shall give due consideration to the membership of child 4. This means once they are in school, she is guaranteed x number of hours that thoy^re^gohe; ' , I suggest, also,^that during those earlier developmental years, there' is no mother who st^ys full time with her child. TKe mothers do have time away, which J think is also equally essen- tial. But I am suggesting that this be limited remarkably. pa K'l'' ^^'^ ^ ^^'^ ^^"' s^^^^^g diverae patterns of ^7' ^iii^^ ^ arrangements, 2 hours a weet, mother's mornings , ftr Si '.^''^' ^^^^^ described as possibilities in this. that by 6 months every infant.ha's fonneqk-6ver5r:normal mfant^M formed its bapic attachment to its mother. • .^' x-^ Our strategy was let ijs not^children in a day care situation .

Employment^ ^: Pbverty/-and Migratonr I^t,or Vi U cpme to- order, for the itmm& rff SJuc S s S£ ■ ; ^* : |j' ',5';"«™^f^^e Bresenta Ta Y^ and At-the: Vufeet, the Chair T^anfe- to o^^rvfi that, Wfortunafelv m Si^L^S'' djstingui M chairilan pf the Senate s K^i mitt«e oii Chji Sren Touth, who, alon^r with Senator Javife^ i ind^Sl'Sr U^ P '^^^ .cofsideration if the SK, IS S)Sy ^ hearing w4tli me, is not , able to be here 'it^mi^J'^f'-HM ♦ b'aci^ ^- home Stite- of Mmncsofa to attend the funeral of ,a cloie friend of the famil^^ ^el Z^May '"P"^^. the witnesses w£ r would ask unaniiii Qus TOHsent that a copy of tfce opening remarks of Senator Mondale appear at this point in^te recp M. Purpose is to establish and ^xpan^ cliild and family service pro- grams, build upon tiie experience of Headstart, giv.e Special emjihasis to preschopl children, and families with tlie. Headstart wduld be funded unde V separate authority, and it& funding protected by a requirement that no operational funds co]fia be appropriated *for this new program, unless , and until Heatlsta H; is funded at the level it received hi KY, 1974 or FY 1975, ttheyer is, higher, Forward fui!? Any .locality or com- ^ bination of bcalitiob which sabniits an application njceting the per- formance cr.teri^i n]ay be designated prime jijponsor if the Secretary datermines it'has the capacity to carry out coinprebensive and effective programs. sponsor for all areas whore local prime bpoiisors do not apply or cannot meet the perform- ance c.riteria, pro\ided that the state meotb tlie performance criteria and divides its siiva of jurisdiction into local service areas with local child and family serviccj* councils which approve the relevant portions of the state's plan and contracts for operation pf programs within lo'cal service ^ireas. 15 ""'^^^^ programs, model programs, or programs nr J^^cn^P""? ^ ISection' BOi^ * ^ ^ ^ Special Prohibitions an4 Protections, ^-'Provides that no child may ^ be the subject of research or experimentation without -parental ap- proval, and'4jiat no child may be forced to undergo examination or ^ treatiyont if parents object. IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES ' July l Uji974 * Massachusetts Mr Mr. Any such amounts appropriated for a- fiscal Q 8 yd RY which are not obligatpd at the end of such fiscal year 9 shall remain available for obligation until expended. as to assure — ^ , (1) maximujn' use of available resources through G the prevention ordup Hc*ation of activities; , 7 '(•2.) a dii^sion of labop, insofar as \f compatible g , with the purposes of 6%, A\ of the agencies 'or authori- ' ' . ^ 19 * (4) recommendation of 'priorities for' federally. 1 Supreme Court of the T'nited States|upon certiorari or cer- " \ ' ' ' • * 2 tificafioii ^. (a) Each prime sp Lnsor designated under ' '6 section 104 shall establish and maintain a Child and Family 7 Service Council composed of not less than teii members as 8 follows^ ( 1 ) not less than Imlf the members of such Council .shall be, parents of children\sef ved^ in programs under this Act chosen in accordance with the provisions of paragi'aph (1) of subsection (b) of this section; (2) the remaining niejnbers shall be appointed by prime sponsor, in consultation with the* parent rneni- bers des Gribe'd in'^)ardgi-aph (1) to be broadly repre- sentative of the general pubjic, including representatives of private agencies rfnd organizations concerned with o^ operating programs relating to child and fami^ services, and at least one person who, is particularly ^virtue of training or experi services; ' - (3) at least one-third oi the Child atid Family Service Council shall be persons who are economically disadvrntaged. You are talking about no pre- school now, or under 3 ? I am" tallying* about the mother who has two children and they are within 3 or 4 years of one another in age. No: that is not entirely true, and you ^n^'^^, ^^^J not buy those services. We have never taken children younger than \ months because I influenced by Jpto BQ^Tflby, w^^^ .

180 Partial Statement of Needs and Services of Child. D., Harvard University, paper prepared for Symposium, ' "Intelligence: What Is It? licensing codes for child care facilities; and to assist public aqd pri- vate agencies in acquiring or injproving such facilities. fedprnl fundllig for construction or acquisition only where no alternatives are practicable, and provides federal fund-' y ing for altelratipn, remodeling, afid renovation. - ' » - " • Nutrition Requires that procedures be established to as. (C^ of this 1(5 para^apli,^ there shall l)e, excluded those children who are 17 counted under clauses f B) ;md (C) o§ ^5ubsection (a) (1)^ 18 * of this section. - - ' ^ ' ^ 19 (b) Xot more than 5 per centum of total funds ap-* • 20 portioned for us(» within a. 104(d) (3) ;and 18 (B) in the case of Councils established by prime V 19. ' ■ • 1 practioabl^ time, by the parent members of project 2 " policy committees established under section 107 (b) 3 .(2); * 4 , (i) the terms of office and afty other policies and 5 * procedures of an organizatjonal nature, including nomina- 6 tion and electioi) procedures, are appropriate in accord- ^ , 7 ance with the purposes of this Act J * ' 8 (3) such Council shall be responsible for approving 9 child and familj' ser\'ice plans,: basic goal,' policies,' pro^ 10 cedures, overall budget policies and project funding, and , 11 • the selection or establishment and, annual renewal of an 12 administering agency or agencies and will be responsible 13 for annual and ongoing evaluation of child and family 14 service programs according to criteria established by. ' You are a psychiatrist and deal a lot more with people iace to face than I do. Once they hit school age, she has a significant amount of time. , If we make the alteiaiative for leaving more attractive, who would stavhome? May I comment on ihat, because to get it back to the bills, this IS what I wa,s trying to stress in this importance of diversity of services. The importance of availability to yoifr children tlie importance of you ta your childen, men and^women.

10 Percent of Population Lives in Female- I^eaded Units, by Peter Milium, stall writer, from the Washington Post August 8, 1974 , ^ J Ju. F., Keller, Comptroller General of the United ^tates, Washington, D. I am very pleased toda V to be"" able to beimi 3omt heanngs by the Senate. ^ *.- Aii£horize& special grants to the states, on apprm-al of Secretary, tp establish a child and family services mforn^afron .progralh to-assess goalaand needs in,state| to apordiilate* ^ ft U stafe child care and jelatei^ services; to develop an J enforce staft? Child aad Family Sarvices Counejl to recei V a special grant, J ' ' ' V ' , ' ' \ 'Section 109 ■ '■ \. g Additional Conditions for Programs Inchcdin^ Comtmoiion or Acqutsttton.—AWo-m. ^ JSection 506 \ , ^ • ' » Public Jnfo Tmation.^'R^xxms that all applications,, plans, an^ written material pertaining thereto be made, available to the public • without charge. • • Section 606 / Repeai or Amendment of Existing Authority and Coordination. - / • 15 For the jjurpose^f of clauses (A).^ (B) , and. care and day care coordinating bodies then existing in 5 the area served. - 6 ih) In accordance with procedures which the Secretary 7 shall estaj)lish pm^uant to regulations, each prime sponsor 8 designated under e Otion 104 shall provide,, wrth respect to 9 the Child and Family Service Councils established and main- 10, tained by such prime sponsor, t]}jit-^ ^ 11 (1) parent members described in paragraph 12 (1) of subsection (a) of this section shall be demo- 13 cratically selected by parents jjis follows: 14 (A) in the case of councils established by 15 prime sponsors which ane States, by the parent 16 members of loca Kprogram councils established under 17 section. Obviously, no mother stays full time with her child from age zero to school age. Mothers should be able to be free of their children for a period of time, for the child's sak^ as. Second, I am suggesting that, jf anything, we encourage t Re mother to stay home rathejr -than be tempted to leave home. a motherj^^ho did not let us know sh6 was not working becattee she ' wfi^afraid that her child would lose out jn a particular position. We think fu U-time employment versus no eipploymen^. that might possibly ^weaken that attachm^t ha5 hdd an oppor-v tunity t(? ' V' i.^.^ -u There is an interesting thing abqut the, data on attachment though , that once it is formed, it is remarkably resistent to extinction. have an abusive, or \ neglectful mother, a' mother who does not do a lot of these things we think of that ar0 described by ♦ Bowlby, and still the.attachment survives. So one part of any kind of legislation, particularly for the very* youn^r child, should indeed be to trj^ to encourage,, the development of infant-mother attachment. But when I talk about parent education, this i^one of the things I am talking about.

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