An investigation was launched to describe the populations at risk and the sexual networks within the Edmonton Zone to support the development of targeted interventions.
METHODS: A descriptive summary of all GC cases reported in the Edmonton Zone from January to August 2015 was conducted using routinely collected data.
In May 2015, the Canadian province of Alberta began observing a statistically significant increase in the number of reported gonorrhea (GC) cases compared to previous years.
Within the province, the Edmonton Zone was found to have the highest rate, compared to the other four health zones, for January to April 2015 (38.4 infections per 100,000 population).
From a public health perspective, unfairly restricting donors places an unnecessary burden on the nation's blood supply.
The Centers of Disease and Control (CDC) estimates about 30 percent of the 1.2 million people living with HIV in the U. will require blood products or a transplant due to kidney malfunction.
A mathematical model factoring in the HIV incidence rate in MSM estimates the remote possibility of 1 in 10,000 positive HIV blood samples donated.
A core group of cases, identified from the social network analysis, were selected for re-interview to enhance information on how cases meet their sexual partners.
RESULTS: There were 1,088 GC cases reported from the Edmonton Zone from January to August 2015. Forty three percent of female cases and 21% of male cases self-identified as Aboriginal.
There are both logistic and principle-based issues with the 12 month donor ban.
Logistically, the ban prevents donors from contributing to the blood bank.