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In 1779, the Blue Flower pattern debuted, flaunting a more distinctive European style, with naturalistic flowers.
It wasn’t long before porcelain dinnerware became a status symbol among the royal family and other aristocrats, who would commission coffee and tea services, as well as enormous detailed vases, for prices that would be the equivalent of millions today.
Today, 1,530 pieces of this original service still exist, and Queen Margrethe II still uses a few on special occasions. Jensen, known for his gorgeous colorful overglaze paintings inspired by foreign styles, to the firm.
Production of Flora Danica was revived in 1863 as a gift honoring the marriage of Princess Alexandra of Denmark to Edward VII, the future king of England, and this dinnerware pattern has been made ever since. Around the same time, Royal Copenhagen lost one of its top creative minds, artist Frederick Wilhelm Grøndahl, who joined retailers Harald and Jacob Bing to form Bing & Grøndahl.
One of its most unique items is the 28-centimeter “ice dome,” which requires 16 different processes over the course of one month to produce. Unfortunately, Grøndahl died in 1855, just two years after the company was established.
Surviving the Napoleonic Wars, the Royal Copenhagen factory flourished again in the mid-19th century, thanks to artistic director G. However, another former Royal Copenhagen employee, F. Hallin, joined Bing & Grøndahl and developed a revolutionary way of painting plates known as relief painting.
It wasn’t until the early 18th century that kaolin was discovered in Germany outside Colditz and Aue, and European potteries set about experimenting with making their own true hard-paste porcelain dinnerware.
Following in the footsteps of German potteries like Meissen, Danish chemist Franz Henrich Mueller founded the Royal Copenhagen porcelain factory in 1775 under the protection of Queen Juliane Marie.
Using their relief-painting technique, they produced the world’s first Christmas plate in 1895.The Chinese discovered kaolin clay and figured out how to shape and fire it into porcelain by the 8th century, but they guarded the secrets of making fine china from the West.As a result, Europeans fumbled around for centuries making soft-paste or “artificial” porcelain out of white clay, crystalline quartz, and sand.The royals gave them as gifts to enhance their country’s reputation and used them to serve on when entertaining prestigious foreign visitors.Royal Copenhagen and other porcelain potteries would decorate these wares with a rich multicolored overglaze and hand-molded embellishments.
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The color copperplate prints of detailed botanical studies from the books were copied by an artist named Johann Christoph Bayer, with painstaking accuracy, onto the porcelain.